An aptitude test is designed to assess what a person is capable of doing; to predict what a person is able to learn or do given the right education and instruction. It represents a person's level of competency to perform a certain type of task.Psychological tests to measure specific abilities, such as mechanical or clerical skills. Sometimes these tests must be specially designed for a particular job, but there are also tests available that measure general clerical and mechanical aptitudes.
An example of an aptitude test is the Minnesota Clerical Test, which measures the perceptual speed and accuracy required to perform various clerical duties.
Other widely used aptitude tests include the Differential Aptitude Tests (DAT), which assess verbal reasoning, numerical ability, abstract Reasoning, clerical speed and accuracy, mechanical reasoning, space relations, spelling and language usage.
Aptitude testing is a student friendly, universally accepted mode of rating capabilities for particular field. Aptitude tests are known to be reliable predictors of future scholastic achievement.
As child grows, his intelligence increases. A bright child is more intelligent than children of his age, and a dull child is less intelligent than his age group. In Intelligence test there is list of questions and problems of different levels of difficulty which average children of different age levels could answer.
Personality is distinctive patterns of behaviour including thoughts and feelings that characterize each individual's adaption to the situation of his or her life. In Personality measurement we want to know the characteristics the person usually has.
The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) was developed in the late 1930's by psychologist Starke R. Hathaway and psychiatrist J.C. McKinley at the University of Minnesota. Today, it is the frequently used clinical testing instrument and is one of the most researched psychological tests in existence. While the MMPI is not a perfect test, but it remains a valuable tool in the diagnosis and treatment of mental illness.
The MMPI is most commonly used by mental health professionals to assess and diagnose mental illness. The MMPI-2 has been utilized in other fields outside of clinical psychology. The test is often used in legal cases, including criminal defense and custody disputes. The test has also been used as screening instrument for certain professions, especially high risk jobs, although the use of the MMPI in this manner has been controversial. The test is also used to evaluate the effectiveness of treatment programs, including substance abuse programs.Administering the MMPI-2
The MMPI-2 contains 567 test items and takes approximately 60 to 90 minutes to complete. The MMPI-2-RF contains 338 questions and takes around 30 to 50 minutes to complete.
The MMPI should be administered, scored, and interpreted by a professional, preferably a clinical psychologist or psychiatrist, who has received specific training in MMPI use. The test should be used in collaboration with other assessment tools. Diagnosis should never be made solely on the results of the test.
The MMPI can be administered individually or in groups and computerized versions are available. The test is designed for individual's age 18 and older. The test can be scored by hand or by computer, but results should always be interpreted by a qualified mental health professional that has had extensive training in MMPI interpretation.16PF Questinnaire
The 16PF Questionnaire is a self-report assessment instrument that measures the 16 normal adult personality dimensions discovered by Dr. Cattell in his landmark research. Using client responses to the questionnaire, standardized scores (stens) are derived for each of the sixteen Primary Factors of personality. In addition, scores for five Global Factors (the original Five-Factor Model) are computed. These scores enable clients to formulate personality models useful in business applications, clinical settings, counseling, and research for predicting human behavior.What does the 16PF Questionnaire measure?
The 16PF model is hierarchical. When the 16 primary traits were factor-analyzed, they revealed five Global Factors, which describe personality at a broader level. These Global Factors, which help to show the degree of relationships among the 16 primary scales, are:Extraversion , Tough-Mindedness, Self-Control , Anxiety , IndependenceCPQ
Children's Personality Questionnaire (Revised) can be employed by school and counselling personnel in predicting and evaluating children's behaviour. It features 14 personality factors for determining, for example, whether a child is outgoing, emotionally stable, shy, conscientious, assertive, shrewd, or circumspect. it is suitable for use by clinicians in diagnosing and treating emotional and conduct disorders. Designed to measure personality traits to predict and evaluate the course of personal, social, and academic development.HSPQ
A High School Personality Questionnaire self-report inventory for adolescents that focuses on 14 personality characteristics useful in predicting and understanding human behaviour: warmth, intelligence, emotional stability, excitability, dominance, cheerfulness, conformity, boldness, sensitivity, withdrawal, apprehension, self-sufficiency, self-discipline, and tension.
Projective tests attempt to assess the individual as a whole. The main distinguishing feature of projective techniques is that the individual is presented with an unstructured task. i.e. he is presented with a task to which an almost unlimited variety of responses can be given. So it is believed that the subject will project his own personality on the ambiguous material.
The best known and most frequently used projective test is the Rorschach inkblot test, in which a subject is shown a series of ten irregular but symmetrical inkblots, and asked to explain what they see. The subject's responses are then analyzed in various ways, noting not only what was said, but the time taken to respond, which aspect of the drawing was focused on, and how single responses compared to other responses for the same drawing. For example, if someone consistently sees the images as threatening and frightening, the tester might infer that the subject may suffer from paranoiaThematic Apperception Test ( TAT )
Another popular projective test is the Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) in which an individual views ambiguous scenes of people, and is asked to describe various aspects of the scene; for example, the subject may be asked to describe what led up to this scene, the emotions of the characters, and what might happen afterwards. The examiner then evaluates these descriptions, attempting to discover the conflicts, motivations and attitudes of the respondent. In the answers, the respondent "projects" their unconscious attitudes and motivations into the picture, which is why these are referred to as "projective tests".Draw-A-Man Test ( DAP )The
The Draw-A-Person test requires the subject to draw a person. The results are based on a psychodynamic interpretation of the details of the drawing, such as the size, shape and complexity of the facial features, clothing and background of the figure. As with other projective tests, the approach has very little demonstrated validity and there is evidence that therapists may attribute pathology to individuals who are merely poor artists.Children's Apperception Test
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